the Humminbirds we have had were all c**p and suffered from this problem.
However if you have a drain well at the stern where you can get to the hull, as opposed to the deck, the transducer will shoot thru that ok and will be less trouble than mounted outside. Put some water in the well first and put the transducer in there and find a good position where it will give you the best reading. Then dry it out and fix it with a thin layer of silicone and it will be fine providing you squeeze any air bubbles out of it. The books will tell you not to use silicone cos it degrades the signal etc etc and to use two pot epoxy. Tis bollox - will work fine with silicone with the advantage that you can get it out again if need be. When you have done all that buy a cheap Eagle Cuda sounder instead
- which will work at 40 odd knots siliconed in, good waterproof head unit and so, so reliable!